Plant germination or sapling cultivation has been done in open fields and arable land in our country for a long time, and recently in greenhouses.
However, developed countries such as Israel, the Netherlands and Belgium in cultural agriculture and vineyard and gardening have reached the stage of handling and applying seedlings in plant germination cold rooms.
Increasing yield and revenue in cultivation, vineyard and horticulture depends primarily on high quality and sufficient seed production and plant germination and cultivation. Therefore, it is time to make the most of the techniques and technologies of plant germination and sapling cultivation.
Producing quality and productive plant seeds is a different and important technique and technology subject in culture agriculture, vineyard and horticulture. Germinating plants from high quality and productive seeds and growing seedlings is an even more different and important technique and technology issue.
However, cold storages, which are used for keeping food products fresh and without spoiling, are also gaining importance in growing plants for germination. In cold storage, the environment suitable for germination or germination of plant seeds is a dim lighting environment with ± 0 ° C temperature and 100% relative humidity only during daytime.
Here in such an environment, namely; In the plant germination cold rooms with ± 0 ° C temperature and 100% relative humidity, the grass formed from the plant seeds is taken to the grass growth cold rooms at +5 ° C temperature and the relative humidity is very close to 100%. In such grass growing cold rooms, the plants or saplings that are formed after the grass is grown are taken to cold rooms at +7 ° C temperature and relative humidity very close to 100% for storage or marketing.
Lighting in lawn growing and plant storage cold rooms is considered and applied as a dim lighting environment only during daytime, as in plant germination cold rooms.
The work of plant germination, growing the germinating plant and growing seedlings and marketing the grown plant are actually within the fields of work of agricultural engineers and biologists. However, the task of thermodynamic and refrigeration engineers is to make cold storages and facilities suitable for the needs and demands of agricultural engineers and biologists in such work areas.